Labour Market, Skills Force

Good Labour Relations

  • Botswana offers an educated, English-speaking labour force, which is readily trainable.
  • Wage rates average US$100 per month for a 45 to 48 hour working week.
  • Personal income tax rates are relatively low, the highest bracket is 25%.
  • Industrial relations with trade unions are well established and peaceful

Quality of Life

  • Excellent infrastructure — well developed road, rail and air network, with easy to access export markets. A sophisticated microwave and fibre optic telecommunications network enables widespread internal and international communication by telephone, fax and electronic mail. Three cellular providers operate in Botswana.
  • Botswana is cosmopolitan and peaceful, offering an excellent location in which to live and work.
  • Excellent public and private access to education up to tertiary level.
  • An excellent health care delivery system consisting of government run and private health institutions, including missionary, mine and private medical practitioners.

Employment Act

The Employment Act regulates terms of employment and minimum conditions of service for employees, and applies to citizens, expatriates, private and parastatal sectors.

Employment of non-citizens

The Employment of Non-Citizens Act regulates the employment of non-citizens in Botswana. All non-citizens employed or engaged in any occupation for reward or profit must be in possession of a work permit, irrespective of the duration of their stay in the country.

Workers’ compensation act

The Worker's Compensation act provides for the compensation of workers for injuries sustained, or for occupational diseases contracted in the course of their employment, or for death resulting from such injuries or diseases. Where the worker suffers permanent total disability, compensation is calculated at 60 times the monthly earnings of the worker at the time of injury, with a maximum of P250 000 and a minimum of P16 000. Where the worker suffers permanent partial incapacity, compensation is calculated at 60 times the worker’s monthly earnings at the time of injury multiplied by the percentage incapacity, with a maximum of P200 000. In the event of death, those wholly dependent on the worker’s earnings will receive 48 times the worker’s monthly earnings at the time of injury, with a maximum of P200 000 and a minimum of P8 000.

Trade Dispute Act

The Trade Dispute Act provides for the settlement of trade disputes, for the control and regulation of industrial action and incidental related matters.

Trade Union and Employer Organisation Act

The Trade Union and Employer Organisation Act provides for registration of trade unions and employers’ organisations, in order to promote harmonious labour relations at the work place.

Working hours

A nine-hour five-day week or an eight-hour six-day week is normally observed. A break of at least 30 minutes must be given after five consecutive hours of work. A 24 hour rest day, normally including Sunday, must be given every seven consecutive days.


Overtime is calculated on a daily basis; any time worked in excess of the ordinary daily hours of work is treated as overtime, and must be paid at 1.5 x the employee’s basic rate and twice the basic rate on weekends and public holidays. For shift workers, overtime at 1.5 x is payable for hours worked in excess of an average of 48 hours a week over a three-week cycle.

Public holidays

  • 1 January: New Year’s Day
  • 2 January: Public holiday
  • March/April (variable): Good Friday and Easter Monday
  • 1 May: Labour Day
  • May (variable): Ascension Day
  • 1 July: Sir Seretse Khama Day
  • 15 July: President’s Day
  • 30 September: Independence Day
  • 1 October: Public holiday
  • 25 December: Christmas Day
  • 26 December: Boxing Day

Annual leave

Annual leave is a minimum of 1.25 working days per completed month of service. This equates to a minimum of 15 working days of paid leave per year.

Sick leave

An employee is entitled to a minimum of 14 working days sick leave per year after one year of continuous employment. An employee is required to inform their employer as soon as is possible and provide a doctor’s certificate if absent from work for more than 24 hours.

Maternity leave

Provision is made for maternity leave totalling 12 weeks; six weeks before and six weeks after confinement, after the employer has been presented with a certificate signed by a medical doctor, nurse or a midwife. An additional two weeks maternity leave may be granted for medical reasons. During maternity leave, a maternity allowance of at least 25% of the employee’s basic pay or 50 thebe for each day of absence is payable.


Employees have the right to be repatriated to their location of recruitment upon termination of employment. This right applies to both citizens and expatriates, regardless of place of recruitment. Employee’s families also have the right of repatriation in the event of the employee's repatriation or their death.

Commissioner of Labour and Social Security
Private Bag 0072, Gaborone, Botswana
Tel: +267 3611500, Fax: +267 3952427


Local Colleges and Universities in the vicinity

A result of access to Vocational Training Centres, Institutes of Health Sciences, The University of Botswana, Botswana Accountancy College and International institutions, is a skilled workforce in a range of disciplines. The Government is fully committed to investing in human resource development and continues to invest in education and institutions.

Botswana International University of Science and Technology (BIUST)

BIUST is committed to widening national, regional and international opportunities for higher education in science, engineering and technology, and providing opportunities in applied research. The academic members of staff are leaders in their fields allowing students unparalleled access to expertise.

BIUST’s standing as an international centre of higher learning and innovation is developing through its network of partner universities across the world. Academics renowned for excellence in their core disciplines, and for a range of skills such as creativity, critical thinking, communication, innovation and leadership, are responsible for furthering knowledge transfer within a diverse community of scholars, teachers and researchers.

Botswana International University of Science and Technology (BIUST)
OCAAT, Plot 1055, Modipane Road, Oodi
Private Bag 041, Bontleng, Gaborone, Botswana
Tel: +267 3926909, Fax: +267 3926904
Email:, Website:

The University of Botswana

The country's primary university comprises nine faculties offering full-time graduate and undergraduate courses in the fields of Business, Education, Engineering and Technology, Humanities, Science, Social Sciences, Health Sciences, and Agriculture. A School of Graduate Studies allows graduate students access to curricula across all faculties.

Botswana College of Agriculture, offers university degrees and diplomas in agriculture. Institutions affiliated to the University of Botswana include Colleges of Education and Institutes of Health Sciences. The number of full-time students is in excess of 15 000 when including full-time, part time and correspondence enrolment.

University of Botswana
4775 Notwane Road
Private Bag UB 0022, Gaborone, Botswana
Tel: +267 3550000, Fax: +267 3956591
Email:, Website:

Botswana Accountancy College (BAC)

BAC is a major training college for accountancy, insurance and IT qualifications at internationally recognised graduate and postgraduate levels. Funded in part by the Government and Debswana Diamond Company, qualifications from BAC prepare students for careers of commerce and technology.

Botswana Accountancy College
Private Bag 319, Gaborone, Botswana
Tel: +267 3953062, Fax: +267 3904103
Email:, Web:

Botswana Institute of Chartered Accountants (BICA)

Serving as both higher level training and as part of the regulations governing accountancy in Botswana, accountants applying to practise in Botswana are required by the Department of Labour to register with BICA. BICA also supervises the BIA joint examination scheme and conducts the requisite professional certification examinations required to practice accountancy.

Botswana Institute of Chartered Accountants
Plot 50374, Block 3, 2nd & 3rd Floor
Fairgrounds Financial Centre
Private Bag 0021,Gaborone, Botswana
Tel: +267 397 2992, Fax: +267 397 2982
Email:, Web:

The Botswana Institute of Bankers

Registered as a corporate body under the Societies Act, the Botswana Institute of Bankers provides localised examination backed by external moderation and international recognition of diplomas in Banking and Banking Services.

The establishment of this examination system was performed in conjunction with the Institute of Bankers in South Africa and the Chartered Institute of Bankers in London.

The Botswana Institute of Bankers
Plot 184, Tlale House, Ground Floor, Unit 2, Ext 3
Private Bag 00404, Gaborone, Botswana
Tel: +267 3952493, Fax: +267 3971802
Email:, Web:

Institute of Development Management

Established in 1974, the Institute of Development Management is a regional organisation serving Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland helping to meet regional management needs through management development activities. These include training, consultancy, research and the establishment of a management resource centre. Areas of training, consultancy and research include accounting and finance, small business development, public relations, education administration, general management, health services management, human resources management, office management, project planning and management, public administration, training and development, productivity analysis and improvement.

Institute of Development Management
P. O. Box 1357, Gaborone, Botswana
Tel: +267 3952371, Fax: +267 3913296
Email:, Web:

Botswana Technology Centre (BOTEC)

BOTEC specialises in adapting and developing technologies that add to quality of life, providing specialised science and technology information to Government departments, institutions and individuals from the following departments: Technology Development, Technology Information and Technology Assessment and Economics.

Botswana Technology Centre (BOTEC)

Plot 50654, Maranyane House, Machel Drive
Private Bag 0082, Gaborone, Botswana
Tel: +267 3607500, Fax: +267 3974677
Email:, Web:

BA ISAGO University College

BA ISAGO University College is a private tertiary educational institution, registered and accredited by the Botswana Training Authority and the Tertiary Education Council. Through a license agreement with the University of South Africa (UNISA), the College offers the following programmes on a full time basis:

  • Three year National Diploma in Safety Management:
  • Three year National Diploma in Real Estate:

Students pursuing the above, require an additional one year to graduate with a Bachelor of Technology Degree with specialisations in: Property Marketing/Property Valuation/Property Practice and Safety Management.

  • Three year Bachelor of Commerce (BCom) with specialisations in Entrepreneurship, Risk Management or Strategic Supply Management. Students enrolling for the BCom Degrees, start with a one-year Access/Foundation Course.
National Professional Diploma in Education Programme

A two-year UNISA professional development course, available on a part time basis to primary school teachers studying in seven centres throughout the country.

BA ISAGOO / Boston city campus programmes

The following programmes are offered by the College, on a full time and part time basis, through a franchise agreement with Boston City Campus and Business College;

Management, Information Technology, Accounting, Human Resources, Customer Care, Hospitality and Leisure, Secretarial Services and HIV/AIDS Counselling, Management and Certified Accounting Technician (CAT).

Government Sponsorship

Students meeting the Department of Student Placement & Welfare (DSPW) sponsorship criteria and the College’s admission requirements are sponsored by government. The College, which has been operating for 5 years, also enrols privately sponsored students.

BA ISAGO University College
Plot 168, Gaborone International Commerce Park
Private bag 149 Suite 268, Kgale View, Gaborone, Botswana
Tel: +267 3957744, Fax: +267 3957709
Email:, Web:

Vocational Training Centres (VTC)

Vocational Training Centres are independent, community-based organisations engaged in local development, providing training and employment opportunities, and offering services to local communities. Emphasis is placed on ‘productive training’, enabling individuals and communities to become self-reliant. VTC are some of the most important institutes of technical and vocational training in Botswana.

Rural Industries Innovation Centre (RIIC)

Located in Kanye, Southern District, RIIC is Botswana's domestic technology development and dissemination centre, adapting appropriate technologies for local production and dissemination. The centre carries out research and development in fields including renewable energy with emphasis on solar, wind and biogas systems; water pumping technologies and sand river abstraction systems; agricultural technologies ranging from ploughs, planters, post-harvest technologies such as threshers, mini silos for grain storage, chaff cutters, peanut shellers, sorghum dehullers and hammer mills; building technologies including tile and block-making machines.

RIIC employs a testing and quality department, ensuring locally adapted technology meets standards and is appropriate for use in Botswana.

Rural Industries Innovation Centre
Private Bag 11, Kanye, Botswana
Tel: +267 5440392, Fax: +267 5440642

Madirelo Trade Testing Centre (MTTC)

MTTC was established to introduce an apprenticeship testing system for the automotive, construction, electrical, metal and heavy industries. Theoretical training is provided at VTCs around the country, and at the Auto Trade School. MTTC is responsible for post training testing and applying the National Trade Test Standards.

Madirelo Trade Testing Centre
Plot 18006, Machel Drive, Babusi, Ext 14
Private Bag 00267, Gaborone, Botswana
Tel: +267 3956318, Fax: +267 3956314

Botho University

Botho University is one of the largest private tertiary education providers in Botswana. It provides international quality programmes in Information Technology (IT), Accounting and Business ranging from Certificates to Masters Degrees.

Botho University provides high quality programmes in computing by partnering with international institutions such as NIIT, the Open University and Teesside University.

Botho University
Botho Education Park, Kgale
P. O. Box 501564, Gaborone, Botswana
Tel: +267 3919999, Fax: +267 3917858
Email:, Web:

Limkokwing University of Creative Technology Botswana

Limkokwing University offers a wide range of foundation courses to postgraduate courses in finance and banking, multimedia management, communications and public relations, digital film and television, information systems, creative industries and art.

The University prides itself in creating an environment where students are:

  • Exposed to exciting campus events that build social skills
  • Challenged by industry projects that open their eyes to real world complexities
  • Encouraged to explore and experiment, building confidence and critical thinking
  • Engaged skill sharing in product and business development.

Community work adds value and meaning to students' lives.

Limkokwing University of Creative Technology
Plot 28562, Fair Grounds Mall, Gaborone, Botswana
Tel: +267 3951830, Fax: +267 3951838
Email:, Web: