To prevent the introduction and spread of pests, the EU sets requirements for (products wrapped with or supported by) wood packaging material (WPM). The most important requirements relate to approved methods of wood treatment and marking. All EU requirements for WPM are based on the international ISPM 15 standard.
WPM must undergo:
- Heat Treatment (HT) that achieves a minimum wood core temperature of 56°C for a minimum of 30 minutes. Kiln-drying, chemical pressure impregnation or other treatments may be consider HT treatments as long as they meet the HT specifications.
- Fumigation with Methyl Bromide (MB) in alignment with ISPM 15. Minimum temperature should not be less than 10°C and exposure should be 24 hours.
All WPM entering the EU must contain a mark that indicates that the WPM has been treated conform the approved methods.
Requirements specific to the manufacturing and composition of packaging
- Packaging shall be so manufactured that the packaging volume and weight be limited to the minimum adequate amount to maintain the necessary level of safety, hygiene and acceptance for the packed product and for the consumer.
- Packaging shall be designed, produced and commercialized in such a way as to permit its reuse or recovery, including recycling, and to minimize its impact on the environment when packaging waste or residues from packaging waste management operations are disposed of.
- Packaging shall be so manufactured that the presence of noxious and other hazardous substances and materials as constituents of the packaging material or of any of the packaging components is minimized with regard to their presence in emissions, ash or leachate when packaging or residues from management operations or packaging waste are incinerated or landfilled.
Requirements specific to the reusable nature of packaging
The following requirements shall be simultaneously satisfied:
• The physical properties and characteristics of the packaging shall enable a number of trips or rotations in normally predictable conditions of use,
• Possibility of processing the used packaging in order to meet health and safety requirements for the workforce,
• Fulfil the requirements specific to recoverable packaging when the packaging is no longer reused and thus becomes waste.
Requirements specific to the recoverable nature of packaging
Packaging recoverable in the form of material recycling
- Packaging shall be manufactured in such a way as to enable the recycling of a certain percentage by weight of the materials used into the manufacture of marketable products, in conformity with current EU Standards. The establishment of this percentage may vary, depending on the type of material of which the packaging is composed.
Packaging recoverable in the form of energy recovery
- Packaging waste processed for the purpose of energy recovery shall have a minimum inferior calorific value to allow optimization of energy recovery.
Packaging recoverable in the form of composting
- Packaging waste processed for the purpose of composting shall be of such a biodegradable nature that it should not hinder the separate collection and the composting process or activity into which it is introduced.
- Biodegradable packaging waste shall be of such a nature that it is capable of undergoing physical, chemical, thermal or biological decomposition such that most of the finished compost ultimately decomposes into carbon dioxide, biomass and water.
- When providing pre-packed products, good professional packaging is a must. Therefore work closely together with your EU buyers to make sure it complies with their needs.
- Check the Wood packing Directive for details
- Check the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) website for further details on the treatment and markings under the ISPM 15 standard
- Check further details and guides on how to package your product in Europe at the European Organisation for Packaging and the Environment